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Tính từ/trạng từ dài và ngắn trong so sánh trong tiếng anh

Trong các dạng so sánh ta còn có khái niệm tính từ/trạng từ dài và ngắn. Tùy thuộc vào loại tính từ/trạng từ mà ta có sự biến đổi cho phù hợp với các thể so sánh

- Tính từ ngắn (short adjectives) gồm:

+ Tính từ một vần (syllable). Ví dụ: long , short, big, hot, fat ..

Bạn đang xem: So sánh hơn của little

+ Tính từ hai vần nhưng tận cùng bằng phụ âm + Y. Ví dụ: happy, lazy, busy, .......

- Tính từ dài (long adjectives) gồm

+ Những tính từ hai vần còn lại. Ví dụ: bored, careless,…

+ Các tính từ từ ba vần trở lên. Ví dụ: beautiful, complicated,…

- Trạng từ ngắn: là những trạng từ một vần. Ví dụ: hard, late, soon,…

Lưu ý: Từ early tuy có hai vần nhưng vẫn xếp vào loại trạng từ ngắn.

- Trạng từ dài: là những trạng từ hai vần trở lên, ngoại trừ early và badly

Ví dụ: carefully, quiet, …

Cấu trúc các dạng so sánh trong tiếng anh

So sánh bằng

So sánh không ngang bằng

Q S1 + be/ V + as + adj / adv + as + S2 + aux

E.g: He is as old as my father.

He drives as carefully as I (do).

Q S1 + negative V + as/so + adj/adv + as + S2 + aux

E.g: He is not as/so old as my father.

He doesn’t drive as/so carefully as I (do).

So sánh hơn

Q S1 + be/ V + adj/ adv (short) + er + than + S2 + aux

E.g: You arethinner than he (is).

He runs faster than I (do).

QS1 + V + more + adj/ adv (long) + than + S2 + aux


E.g: He is more intelligent than I (am).

He drives more carefully than I (do).

So sánh nhất

Q S + be/V + the + adj/ adv (short) + est

E.g: Nam is the tallest student in my class.

Cheetah runs (the) fastest in the world.

Q S + be/ V + the most + adj/ adv(long)

E.g: He is the most intelligent student in my class.

Of the students in my class, Nam speaks English (the) most fluently.

So sánh kép

Q The adj/ adv (comparative) + S + V, the + adj/ adv (comparative) + S + V (càng… càng…)

E.g:The more beautiful she is, the more modest she becomes.

The harder he studies, the wiser he becomes.

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Q More and more + adj/ adv (long)

Adj/ adv (short) + er and adj (short) + er: càng ngày càng ...

E.g:Life in the city ismore and more stressful.

They workharder and harder.

So sánh kém

Q S1 + be/ V + less + adj/ adv + than + S2

Q S + be/ V + the least adj/ adv

E.g: This film is less interesting than the one I saw yesterday.

He works least effectively in our group.

So sánh với danh từ

Q S1 + V + as many/ much + N as S2 + aux

S1 +negative V as/ so few/ little + N as S2 + aux

E.g He earns as much money as I do.


I don’t have as/ so many friends as he does.

Q S1 + V + more/ fewer/ less + N + than S2 + aux

E.g He has collected more stamps than I have.

I have collected fewer stamps than he has.

Q S + V + most/ fewest/ least + N

E.g I have least free time in my family.

Lưu ý:

- Ta thường sử dụng so sánh bằng khi muốn nhấn mạnh điều này gấp điều kia bao nhiêu lần

Ví dụ:

Her husband is twicce as old as she (is)(Chồng cô ta già gấp đôi cô)

- Một số từ nhấn mạnh thường đứng trước tính từ/trạng từ so sánh: much, a lot, far, slightly, a bit, no, any, ...

Tính từ/trạng từ đặc biệt dùng trong các dạng so sánh

Số

So sánh bằng

So sánh hơn

So sánh nhất

Nghĩa

1.

bad/badly/ ill

worse

worst

Tồi, dở/ ốm yếu

2.

good/ well

better

best


Tốt, giỏi

3.

much

more

most

Nhiều

4.

little

less

least

Ít

5.

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far

farther/ further

farthest/ furthest

Xa (distance) / Rộng (range)

6.

old

older/ elder

oldest/ eldest

Già, cũ (for all)/ (brother/ sister)

Bài tập về câu so sánh trong tiếng anh

Chia từ trong ngoặc

Can"t you think of anything _____ ________(intelligent) to say? Well, the place looks _____________(clean) now. Janet looks ______thinner______(thin) than she did. You need to draw it _______more careful_______(carefully) . The weather is getting ___________ (bad). The programme will be shown at a __________ (late) date. I can"t stay ________________(long) than half an hour. A mobile phone would be a_______________ (useful) present. I"ll try to finish the job ________________ (soon). It was_______________ (busy) than usual in town today. I"ll be even_____________ (annoyed) if you do that again. Since the break-in I feel ____________ (nervous). Lan sings ……………….. ( sweet ) than Hoa Mai is ………………… ( tall ) of the four girls Your accent is ………………….. ( bad ) mine There was a storm yesterday. Today, the weather’s ……………… ( beautiful ) He runs …………………. ( fast ) of all Which one of the three books do you think is …………… ( interesting ) ? Which hotel is …………. ( far ) from the airport, The Renaissance or The Camellia Viết dạng so sánh nhất của những từ trong ngoặc. That was the __________ (funny) film I"ve ever seen. It was the ______________(horrible) feeling I"ve ever had. Have you read her ______________(recent) book? It"s the _______________(large) company in the country. It was the _______________(boring) speech I"ve ever heard. You"ve got the _______________(far) to travel. That"s the _____________(helpful) idea so far. The factory uses the ________________ (modern) production methods. This is the __________________(early) I"ve ever got up. It was the ________________(sad) day of my life.

Đáp án

Can"t you think of anything _____more intelligent ________(intelligent) to say? Well, the place looks _____cleaner________(clean) now. Janet looks ______thinner______(thin) than she did. You need to draw it _______more carefully_______(carefully) . The weather is getting ___worse________ (bad). The programme will be shown at a ____later______ (late) date. I can"t stay _____longer___________(long) than half an hour. A mobile phone would be a_____more useful__________ (useful) present. I"ll try to finish the job ________sooner________ (soon). It was______busier_________ (busy) than usual in town today. I"ll be even______more annoyed_______ (annoyed) if you do that again. Since the break-in I feel ____more nervous________ (nervous). Lan sings more sweetly than Hoa Mai is the tallest of the four girls Your accent is worse than mine There was a storm yesterday. Today, the weather’s more beautiful He runs the fastest of all (có thể bỏ THE) Which one of the three books do you think is the most interesting ? Which hotel is further from the airport, The Renaissance or The Camellia? Viết dạng so sánh nhất của những từ trong ngoặc. That was the _____most funny_____ (funny) film I"ve ever seen. It was the _______most horrible_______(horrible) feeling I"ve ever had. Have you read her _____most recent_________(recent) book? It"s the ______largest_________(large) company in the country. It was the ______most boring_________(boring) speech I"ve ever heard. You"ve got the _____furthest__________(far) to travel. That"s the _____most helpful________(helpful) idea so far. The factory uses the ______most modern__________ (modern) production methods. This is the _________earliest_________(early) I"ve ever got up. It was the ______saddest__________(sad) d
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